Genetic counselling is a communication process wherein specially trained professionals help people understand about genetic conditions, find out their chances of being affected by or having a child or other family member with a genetic condition, and make informed decisions about testing and treatment.
Reasons for Genetic Counselling
- A look at the medical history of your family or your partner’s family and drawing up a family history
- To learn about genetic screening for diseases sickle cell anaemia, thalassemia etc
- A genetic counsellor can help you understand test results to help you make decisions
- In case of several miscarriages or infant deaths
- When a woman is unable to conceive or infertility
- If the maternal age is over 35 years
- A genetic condition or birth defect that has occurred in a previous pregnancy
- In order to get ready for a healthy pregnancy
Nowadays, genetic counselling has another main reason or indication i.e., patient monitoring. The counselor has to explain all the benefits and risks to the patient. The counselor should support their clients; partly it is also a psychological work.
Dr Pavani Upendram
MSc PhD (Human Genetics) BGCI (II) Genetic Counsellor
Consultant Medical Geneticist and Genetic Counsellor
Board certified senior genetic counsellor with 12 years of experience in the field of medical genetics and genetic counselling. Counselled over 1000 families with various genetic conditions. Areas of interest include pre-marital, conception, prenatal genetic counselling, and cancer genetic counselling. Young scientist awardee for the year 2014 by the Indian Society of Human Genetics (ISHG).