Female Infertility

Infertility In Women

A woman is considered infertile if she has tried for 1 year to get pregnant and hasn’t been successful, there may be many reasons for infertility in women and the causes may vary from person to person. It is always wise to see & seek advice from infertility.

Listed below are a few factors that may cause infertility in women

The main causes of female infertility:

Ovulation disorders:

A common cause of infertility in women is due to a hormonal disorder which upsets the normal reproductive cycle and ovulation does not take place. This leads to irregular menstrual cycles. The commonest cause of ovulation disorder is caused by a condition called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Tubal factor:

Eggs are picked up by the fallopian tube and fertilization (process of forming the embryo when egg and sperm meet) occurs in the distal end of the fallopian tube. If the tube is blocked or damaged then fertility is impaired. The most common cause of tubal damage is sexually transmitted infection or infection occurring following abortion. In India, genital tuberculosis is common and is an important cause of infertility.


It is a common condition that can affect the ovaries, tubes where the endometrial (womb lining) tissue can attach to an organ causing inflammation and scarring.


Where routine tests do not reveal any abnormality in the couple. This could be due to subtle defects in the process of ovulation or fertilization.

Age and fertility:

With increasing age in females, the incidence of infertility also increases as there is a decline in egg quality. Older women are also more likely to suffer a miscarriage or may have a child with a chromosomal abnormality than their younger counterparts. Women above the age of 40years have fewer success rates even with Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART).

Unfortunately in the current climate, many women are choosing to have children later in life after they have established their careers and have financial security. However, the biological clock does not match these socio-economic choices. The peak fertility for women is between 20 to 25 years of age. Fertility starts declining in the thirties and there is a sharp fall in fertility once a woman reaches 35 years of age.
While the above cited reasons are the most common causes of female infertility, all of these causes can be worked around if you decide to confer with a specialist sooner. At MotherToBe, fertility specialists access leading technologies and advanced medical techniques to resolve a large number of fertility issues and help people reach their goals of creating a family.
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