Donor Egg/Embryo Treatment

Donor Egg/Embryo Treatment

Another advance in the field of fertility is the use of donor gametes-egg/sperm.

Use of donor gametes (sperm/egg /embryo) might be an option for some couples to achieve parenthood and our medical staff and counselors will help you weigh the pros and cons of pursuing this option. In some couples, this helps them see light at the end of the tunnel in their long journey in attaining parenthood.

When is donor egg treatment suggested?

  • Premature ovarian failure (POF)-where there are no eggs in the ovary due to premature menopause (stoppage of periods at an early age due to genetic or other reasons).
  • Advanced maternal age –more than 42 years of age.
  • Repeated IVF failures
  • Poor quality eggs/embryos
  • Ovarian failure due to chemotherapy/radiation in cancer patients.

Process of Donor Egg/Embryo

Step 1

In the egg donor treatment cycle, a healthy egg donor is identified and screened with blood tests according to ICMR guidelines and recruited as egg donor for the couple.

Step 2

The next step is the coordination of both the cycles of the donor and the recipient and this is done using hormone tablets and an injection called GnRH which shuts off the hormone production in the recipient.

Step 3

Once the recipient is ready, egg donor receives hormone-FSH injections for egg growth and once the follicles are the right size, the eggs are collected and mixed with the sperm of the husband of the recipient to make the embryo which is then replaced in the uterus of the recipient.

Step 4

When the FSH injections are started in the donor, the recipient receives hormone tablets for the lining of the uterus to grow and on the day of egg collection for the donor, progesterone support is added to facilitate implantation process.

Donor embryo

In certain subfertile couples, both partners have issues such as no sperm count and either poor quality/low egg number and in these couples use of donor embryos help them achieve parenthood. In certain couples with genetic diseases also this treatment is suggested to obtain a healthy baby.

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