What is PCOS?
Causes of PCOS
Symptoms of PCOS
- Lifestyle changes
- Fertility Procedures
How Can MotherToBe Help?
Around 25% of couples who visit a fertility clinic would be told that their struggles to get pregnant lie with their absent or irregular ovulation. Among these, most women are being diagnosed with PCOS. PCOS is one of the most common soaring causes of female infertility, affecting an estimated over 5 million people.
There are various simple ways to increase the chances of pregnancy in women with PCOS such as taking specific fertility medications, or surgery in suitable patients. In most cases, women having PCOS will be able to get pregnant with a combination of lifestyle changes and fertility drugs. But if you still find you are having trouble conceiving, here at MotherToBe Fertility Center in Hyderabad, there are several ways we can help.
What is PCOS?
PCOS Stands for Poly Ovary Syndrome, which is the most common hormone disorder. It can cause absent or irregular menstrual cycles therefore ovulation and this condition can affect 1 in 5 women of childbearing age. It is one of the leading causes of female subfertility and also responsible for a myriad of symptoms that can have an impact on women who are having PCOS, both physically and emotionally.
The exact causes of PCOS are not specific and can be from the following:
Hormonal imbalances—imbalance in certain hormones, including:
- Increases levels of Luteinising Hormone (LH)
- Lack of progesterone
- High levels of androgens (testosterone)
- Low levels of (SHBG) Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin
Insulin resistance—PCOS is strongly linked with insulin resistance, ineffective insulin action forces ovaries to produce too much testosterone, interferes with the development of follicles, and thus prevents normal ovulation.
Hereditary—there might be a genetic link to PCOS, although particular genes linked with the conditions have not yet been identified.
Symptoms of PCOS
The PCOS symptoms could vary significantly between women
- Menstrual issues such as irregular or absent periods
- Abnormal or heavy bleeding in between periods
- Irregular or absent ovulation
- Excess weight gain
- Increased facial or body hair
- Thinning of scalp hair
Treatment options can vary for each woman with PCOS as they may experience a range of symptoms. The main fertility treatment options are given in more detail below.
Two-third of PCOS women struggle with obesity/overweight, can’t ovulate, and are more likely to experience more severe anovulation. The overall risk of developing chronic health problems from PCOS could be improved by losing excess weight. Excess weight loss can give a great chance of having fertility treatment success. A healthy weight loss is urged to regulate ovulation.
Diet & Exercise
Eating a healthy diet is important for PCOS women. this is mainly due to the higher risk of becoming obese as they partially trouble with insulin regulation.
A healthy diet combined with regular exercise has also been found to be helpful with PCOS symptoms. Whether having a healthy diet and physical exercise alone would help you conceive is not clear. But a healthy lifestyle may help relieve your PCOS symptoms and help your fertility treatments work better.
Numerous medicines are available to treat various symptoms associated with PCOS.
Diabetes drugs such as metformin are used to treat insulin-resistance & may help weight loss. PCOS medicines also improve the effectiveness of some fertility drugs and reduce the rate of miscarriage. Clomid, letrozole, and Gonadotropins are some well-known drugs that induce ovulation and increase the possible chances of conceiving.
Contraceptive Pills for Irregular/ Absent Periods
Women with PCOS who are not trying for a baby may be recommended with contraceptive pills to treat irregular or absent periods. This is very important to optimize menstrual cycles as it could lead to the risk of developing endometrial cancer (cancer of the womb lining).
Unwanted hair growth
Medicine would be given to control hirsutism (excessive hair growth) and hair loss include:
Various types of combined oral contraceptive pills such as Dianette, co-cyprindiol, cyproterone acetate, etc.
These medications work by blocking the effects of androgens (male hormones) such as testosterone and also suppress the production of these hormones by the ovaries. There are medicines available to treat PCOS-related acne.
1 in 5 women suffering from PCOS are unable to get pregnant. However, with various assisted reproductive techniques the majority of PCOS women can be successfully treated and help in conception.
Most of the PCOS women who are facing fertility issues are treated with a short course of medicines taken at the starting of each menstrual cycle for several cycles.
If these medicines are not successful, then you may be offered injectable fertility drugs or IVF treatment.
How Can MotherToBe Help?
In order to optimize your chances of conception with PCOS, we will help you through safe and effective treatments.
- Help optimize your weight over a period of time ( comprehensive lifestyle management and no crash diets)
- Prescribe medications to help reduce the risk of over response
- Provide individualized stimulation (ovulation induction)
- Treatment plans that suit your condition and needs
- Monitor you at each stage of your treatment
MotherToBe is India’s top fertility center that has been assisting couples with specialist advice and successful IVF treatments. Equipped with incredible care & state-of-art IVF treatment ensuring top IVF success rates. We prioritize your safety and always offer individualized treatment plans to help you every step of your fertility journey. If you would like to know more about your treatment and family building options, please feel free to contact MotherToBe fertility Clinic.